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The spiritual element of Hengyang

Source: China Discipline Inspection and SupervisionPost time: 2017-12-18 Clicks:

Hengyang is located in the middle of the winding Xiangjiang River and south of the Hengshan Mountains. It is an important birthplace of Huxiang culture. According to legend, "Northern geese fly south and stop here to rest," so it is also called "Yancheng". Hengyang has a history of more than 2,000 texts, and has accumulated a deep cultural heritage. Chuanshan thought of "Six Classics blaming me for life, seven feet from heaven begging to be buried alive", the spirit of Xunxi, "no mud, no stains, no sorrow and no demon", "no money, no official, no life" Yulin's demeanor, the marshal's morality of "being honest and doing solid things", highlights the "spiritual element" of Hengyang's most regional characteristics, and represents Hengyang's most unique "spiritual symbol". It has been flowing in the blood of Hengyang people, and has been tempered To become a character and a soul, to inspire generations of Hengyang people to go forward bravely and endlessly.

Zhou Dunyi: The pulse of the Xi River, the aftershocks of Xiangshui

On the riverside of steamed water, east of Tuoli Bridge, a short walk along the steamed water scenery zone, you can see that "Xixi Cultural Park" stands quietly and has a quiet environment. Entering the park, the plaque on the door reads the words "Second Hometown of Luxi Creek", and on both sides are "I come from the south, originally from the vein of Luxi River; going to the east of the river is nothing but the aftershocks of Xiangshui". The sculpture of Zhou Dunyi and Zheng Xiang's "Love". This is the memorial garden built by Hengyang in memory of Zhou Dunyi, the originator of Neo-Confucianism.

Zhou Dunyi ( 1017-1073), the uncle Zi Mao, the prince of Yuan, a native of Daozhou Yingdao (now Hunan County), a thinker, philosopher, philosopher, writer, and ancestor of the Northern Song Dynasty, called "Zhouzi". He is the author of "Tai Chi Tu Shuo" and "Tong Shu", which pioneered Song and Ming Confucianism. "Ai Lian Shuo" has been praised by the world for thousands of years.

Zhou Dunyi lost his father at an early age, and his mother came to Hengyang to rely on his uncle, Long Tuge, a bachelor, Zheng Xiang. He was clever and filial piety, and was deeply loved by Zheng Gong. Zheng Gong regarded Xun Ruzi as a naturalized citizen by the name of Zheng Jiadun. He also supervised the lessons for him and cultivated them. Zhou Dunyi had been studying and growing in Hengyang until Zheng Xiangren transferred between Zhejiang and Zhejiang to make Shujiashan Luohe move with his mother to Dantu County, Runzhou.

Zhou Dunyi was gifted from a young age, was diligent in studying hard, and especially liked the scenery of West Lake. He had a special fondness for Bai Lian. As a result, Zheng Xiang planted a lotus in the " lake pavilion" (ie Ai Lian Pavilion) by the West Lake pool in front of the Phoenix Villa . At the time, West Lake was located outside the city between Wanghumen and Anximen in the west of the county, and was named after the West Lake Pond. "Wang Yang is thousands of hectares. There are wild lotuses in the lake. Flowers begin in summer and June each year, and usually bloom in the middle of the month. If the night is three or five days, it will be cloudy after the rain, Bai Lian will be nourished by the rain and the sky, and the race will be full of bloom.

This unique natural environment provided Zhou Dunyi with a wealth of imagination and creative space as a teenager, and opened the window of the soul of the originator of the Neo-Confucianism. Since then, Zhou Dunyi has to chisel on the upper left side of the government office wherever he goes. Chilian planted lotuses, and the lotus ponds were all called "love lotus ponds", and "love lotus pavilions" were built on the pond, and "the hall where the lotus is named" was displayed to the police.

Zhou Dunyi returned to Hengyang for lectures, explorations and visits to friends many times after he came out. At the age of 30, he returned to Hengyang again, and built a “Luxi Academy” next to the old house of Zheng Xiang, the uncle of Fenghuang Mountain, where he taught and apprenticed.

After Zhou Dunyi thanked the world, the Hengyang people took the respect and memory of Zhou Zi into their hearts, and built five large-scale temples dedicated to Zhou Zi in Hengzhou County (now Hengyang City) with only tens of thousands of people. In addition, Zhou Zi's study place, Zheng's private school, also known as Zhou Mansion, also known as Pixi Villa and Ailian Pavilion. The scale and quantity of the memorial facilities are large, covering half of Hengyang City outside the city.

Wang Chuanshan: Six Classics Blame Me for Life

Caitang Bend, Xiangxi Village, Qulan Town, Hengyang County, is located on the west bank of the Xiangjiang River and on the left bank of steamed water. The thatched cottage is built on a hill, with a single door and a single courtyard, white walls and black tiles, and bamboo and mahogany in the courtyard. More than 300 years ago, Wang Chuanshan, with long hair, wooden clogs, and a big umbrella on his head, studied there for 17 years. He wrote with anger, and became old. He wrote more than 320 volumes such as "Reading General Studies" and "Song Lun". The splendid masterpiece of more than eight million words has left an amazing cultural heritage for future generations.

Wang Chuanshan ( 1619-1692), a famous husband, character and farmer, No. Jiangzhai, Hengyang County (now Hengyang, Hunan). In his later years, he lived in seclusion near Shifuneyama for 32 years, so he was called Mr. Funayama. He and Gu Yanwu and Huang Zongxi also called the three thinkers during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Because of their achievements in philosophy, politics, economics, literature, history, law, military, astronomy, and geography, scholars call them "encyclopedic The Thinker "" Oriental Hegel ".

Wang Chuanshan was faint at the age of four, read the Thirteen Classics at the age of seven, read the Classics of the Five Classics at the age of ten, and ancient classics of philosophy and history. At the age of twelve, he was able to verse poems and be fluent in poems. At the age of 14, he was admitted to Hengzhou Prefecture. At the age of 24, he went to Wuchang to take part in the Huguang Township Test. The following year, he went north to take part in the test. Due to the peasant army's uprising, raging smoke and chaotic times, the road to scientific research came to an abrupt halt. After Qing soldiers went south, the second brother, uncle and father of Wang Chuanshan died in the flames of war.

In the five years of the Shunzhi Reign of the Qing Dynasty ( 1648), Wang Chuanshan rebelled against the Qing with a national resentment at the Fangguang Temple in Nanyue. After that he came to Zhaoqing and continued to follow the Nan Ming court to resist Qing. After the fall of Nanming, Wang Chuanshan turned around western Hunan and Luan, Yong, Lian, and Shao to avoid being arrested by the Qing court, hiding incognito, hiding in Yaodong, ambushing mountains, and living a long exile. Until the seventeenth year of Shunzhi (1660), Wang Chuanshan came to Jinlan Zhuyutang in Hengyang County. He first built a small house and lost Ye Lu, secondly built the Guansheng Residence, and then moved down the Shichuan Mountain to the Guanshengju Erli Xu and built the cottage. Home, "The Six Classics blame me for my life, seven feet from the begging and buried alive", "Diligent, self-motivated, and dedicated writing."

In the 31st year of Kangxi ( 1692), Wang Chuanshan died in the West Hunan Cottage, 74 years old, and was buried in the tiger-shaped foothills of Chuanshan Village, Qulan Township, Hengyang County. "Nongnong", published its tombstone, said from the inscription: "Hold Liu Yueshi's anger, but his life is inaccessible; I hope that Zhang Hengqu's school is true, but power cannot be achieved. Fortunately, it belongs to Qi Qiu, so he will be given eternal life. "

Wang Fuzhi's "six classics blamed me for a new life, seven feet from heaven to be buried alive" temperament and mind, the impact on future generations continues. His eldest son, Wang Xun, is "famous with his younger brother, and he wrote" A Brief Explanation of the Book of Songs "; his second son, Wang Xun, is" learned, practised with high cleanliness, and is particularly famous for his arts. " "Three Kings of Chunan". In the Daoguang reign, Wang Fu's seven generations of grandson Wang Shiquan did not forget the ancestral tradition. In order to carry forward the spirit of Chuanshan, he carved 18 kinds of Wang Fu's relics in Changsha Huihui, named "Science of Chuanshan". Wang Fuzhi's thoughts and spirit shined brightly in the late Qing Dynasty, and his descendants contributed greatly.

In the 4th year of Guangxu ( 1878), Zhang Xianhe, the commander of Hengyang County, worshiped Wang Chuanshan and built the Chuanshan Academy at the Wang's Ancestral Hall in Wangjiuping. Called. Nowadays in Hengyang, there are Chuanshan Avenue, Chuanshan Park, Chuanshan Square, Chuanshan Middle School, Chuanshan Elementary School named after Wang Chuanshan. "Traces of Chuanshan" spreads across every corner of the city and has become the cultural business card of Hengyang.

Since the 18th CPC National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping has mentioned Wang Chuanshan and his famous quotes many times in public speeches, which reflects the respect for Wang Chuanshan's thoughts. On January 1, 2017, the General Secretary also quoted the sentence in Wang Chuanshan's "Shangshu Quotations · Taijia II" in the New Year's Day dedication— "New stories are promoted, and the day is born", in order to encourage people across the country to follow the tide of the times The profound changes of the times, advance with the times, and realize the Chinese dream with the spirit of reform and innovation.

Peng Yulin: Out of Han Shi, return to Han Shi

On the east bank of the Xiangjiang River in Hengyang, there is a classical Jiangnan house, which faces the west, with white walls and blue tiles, brick and wood structure, one deep, five wide, and a small plum garden behind the hall. A wooden plaque hung on the entrance hall of the building is engraved with the three large inscriptions "Retreat from the Province". This was the residence of Peng Yulin, one of the four famous officials of ZTE in the late Qing Dynasty.

Peng Yulin ( 1816-1890), the character Xueqin, was the owner of the retired province, and his ancestral home was Hengyang County (now Hengyang County, Hengyang City). Together with Zeng Guofan, Zuo Zongtang, and Hu Linyi, the four famous ministers of ZTE in the late Qing Dynasty. The official to the Governor of Liangjiang and the Minister of Commerce and Trade of Nanyang, the Ministry of War. He died of illness in Hengyang in 1890. The Qing dynasty pursued the title of Prince Prince and Prince Bao. Hubei's governor Chen Baozhen sent the couplet: "No money, no official, no life. It is a powerful word in life, and it has always been the name of eternal virtue."

Peng Yulin viewed power as a mustard, and promised "not to seek protection, not to be an official." He resigned from the governor of Anhui on the grounds that he was ignorant of civil affairs at the military camp; on the grounds of ignorance of political affairs, eager temperament, and ignorant knowledge, he resigned as the governor of eight provinces, the governor of transport, which is the "most deficient in the world." . However, when the state is in distress, the call is forthcoming. When France invaded Vietnam and the Southwest border was in dire straits, the Qing court ordered Peng Yulin to assist in the military affairs of Guangdong and Guangxi as an official of the Ministry of Defense. He was resolutely appointed at the age of 67, dispatched troops, rebuilt the fort, reorganized the regiment, and Guangxi's defense was quickly strengthened. The victory of the Sino-French war has made outstanding contributions. After the Sino-French war, he asked four times in succession to resign from the Ministry of War. The Qing court was very puzzled by Peng Yulin's repeated resignations. Peng Yulin played on and explained: "The ministers came from Hanshi and returned to Hanshi."

Peng Yulin was jealous of hatred and selfless. Tan Zulun was a general of Peng Yulin. Because of killing friends and taking his wife, Peng Yulin was beheaded after hearing the news. Even Li Hongzhang's nephew Qiu Sheng relied on his power to do evil in the country, and was severely punished by Peng Yulin. Even if Li Hongzhang's brother begged, he could not be spared, so it was spreading that "Peng Gong came out, the rivers and lakes were calm". In the face of power and subordinates, Peng Yulin adheres to the principle and does not hesitate to personal feelings, even to loved ones. The nephew was in the prefecture of his jurisdiction, but he was ordered to be beheaded for delaying military planes, and no one pleased him. After the death of the nephew, he wrote a pair of couplets: "The conclusion is that the coffin was infamous for the magistrate; he killed the relatives and enforced the law, and shed tears of his own tears."

Peng Yulin died of private property throughout his life, and his personal life was extremely frugal . People say that they eat more vegetables and less meat. A woolen coat with dozens of worm holes, he was still wearing it. When he was an official outside, Peng Yulin immediately wrote back to reprimand when he learned that his son had spent 2,000 strings of copper to repair three old homes with earth walls. However, when the state and social welfare are needed, he is generous. When Peng Yulin led the Xiang Army Marine Division to capture Tianjia Town in the early years, the Qing court awarded him 4,000 silver. Faced with a large number of bonuses, Peng Yulin chose to help the people in his hometown and help the students. In order to inherit and carry forward the Huxiang culture, Peng Yulin donated 12,000 silver in 1885, moved Chuanshan Academy, which was then located in the downtown area of Hengyang City, to Dongzhou Island in the center of Xiangjiang River, and hired a master of Chinese studies, Wang Yunyun, to teach. "Learning in Chuanshan". Prior to his death, he would donate millions of dollars of income for officials such as Lu Lu and Yang Lian Yin.

Today, Peng Yulin's private school donated by Peng Yulin has become Zhajiang Middle School, which has nurtured generations of students. The former residence “Retreat from the Province” is a well-known scenic spot in Hengyang, and it is also the city's clean government education base built by the Hengyang Discipline Inspection Commission. Every day, a large number of tourists and local party members and cadres visit and cultivate.

Luo Ronghuan: Be honest, do solid things

Nanwan Village, Rongdai Town, Hengdong County is a small village with just over a hundred households and less than a thousand people. Surrounded by the upright Jin Juefeng, Fenghuang Peak and Pengyuanxuan, the founding marshal Luo Ronghuan was born in Nanwan Village, and spent his youth here until he left home in April 1927 and embarked on a revolution the way.

In the 37-year revolutionary career, Marshal Luo Rongji strictly demanded himself to maintain a working style of diligence and honesty, as well as the integrity of the working people and ordinary soldiers. Mao Zedong commented on him: Luo Rongzheng was an honest man. Deng Xiaoping commented on him: Luo Rongzheng was a kind man.

In the war years, wind meals and sleepless pillows and pillows were commonplace for Luo Ronghuan. He has lived in ancestral halls, temples, thatched sheds, and sheds in the Central Base, Tibetan cow dung houses on the Long March, caves in northern Shaanxi, and crop yards in Yimeng Mountain. Suspecting that there are few houses and bad equipment is never the case. Luo Rongmin once said to his wife Lin Yueqin: "The size of the house we live in seems inconspicuous, but we are party cadres. We must always think of the people living at the grassroots level. Gao, but farther and farther away from the people. Whenever we have to be honest and do solid things like Chairman Mao said. "

After liberation, Luo Rongzheng's name spread to various villages in his hometown. Luotian of Heida is a large family in Hengdong County . There are 8 brothers and sisters of Luo Rongrong . Luo Rongrong considered that there would be relatives and friends who thought he was a big official and came to him for a half-time job or made other unrealistic demands. In November 1949, he called Guo Weicheng, the director of the Hengyang Railway Bureau who just arrived, and said, "Hengyang is my hometown. There will be many people who want to come to me through you. You have to do work and advise them not to come Come from Beijing. You can't let them ride the train for free. "Soon, some people turned to Guo Weicheng in the name of Luo Rongzheng's relatives, and asked to enter the city free of charge. All of them were declined by Guo Weicheng.

Luo Rongying's daughter Luo Yuying, who has stayed in her hometown in Hunan, has not seen her father for more than 20 years. At the end of 1949, she heard that her father "became an officer" and wrote a letter. Luo Rongmin wrote back to educate her and said, "Your dad has been serving the people for more than two decades and has become a lifelong career, instead of being an official as you think, and no money to make. Your dad's life, apart from enjoying Except for the treatment stipulated by the state, there is no private ownership ... I can't have any other reliance on me. "After Yu Ying came to Beijing, Luo Rongji encouraged her to study culture first. Later, she joined the work, and her father asked her to go to the grass-roots and to a hard place Go exercise. Since then, Luo Yuying went to a farm on the outskirts of Beijing, and after several years of exercise, she gloriously joined the party.

In December 1963, Luo Rongzhen confessed to his children when he was seriously ill: "I have no legacy for you, and I have nothing to share with you. My father left a sentence: firmly believe in the great truth of communism, and always revolutionize." Although Luo Rongrong had no legacy left to his children, he left his children and even the entire party with inestimable spiritual wealth. His noble character and rigorous family tradition were passed down from generation to generation. (Xiao Xiangdong Li Tao)

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