Source: · Release time: Clicks:
合格党员既要是遵纪守法的模范，又要是道德品质的标杆，这是永葆党的先进性和纯洁性的必然要求。 A qualified party member must be both a model of observing the law and abiding by the law and a benchmark of moral quality. This is an inevitable requirement for always maintaining the party's advanced nature and purity. 为推进党的事业全面发展，十八大以来，以习近平同志为总书记的党中央，创新管党治党新理论，探索从严治党新实践，坚持法治与德治的和谐统一，把党的建设推向了更高水平、更高境界。 In order to promote the comprehensive development of the party's cause, since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the General Secretary has innovated a new theory of governing the party, exploring new practices of ruling the party, adhering to the harmonious unification of the rule of law and the rule of virtue Construction has been pushed to a higher level and higher realm. 习近平在第十八届中央纪律检查委员会第六次全体会议上指出：“我们深入研究探索，汲取全党智慧，坚持依规治党和以德治党相统一，坚持高标准和守底线相结合，把从严治党实践成果转化为道德规范和纪律要求。”请随“学习中国”小编一起学习。 Xi Jinping pointed out at the 6th plenary session of the 18th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection: "We have conducted in-depth research and exploration, drawing on the wisdom of the whole party, insisting on the unity of governing the party in accordance with regulations and governing the party with virtue, and adhere to the combination of high standards and bottom line To translate the results of the practice of strictly governing the party into ethical and disciplinary requirements. "Please study with the editor of" Learning China ".
I. Governing the party according to regulations
"If you don't follow the rules, you can't make a circle." Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: "The country must have a national law, and the party must have party rules and party laws." Having a set of intra-party rules is a major political advantage of our party. In the years of the revolutionary war, our party relied on strict party discipline to maintain the party's centralized unity and maintain the party's cohesion and combat effectiveness. In the long-term revolutionary struggle of the proletarian revolutionaries of the older generation, "strictly observing party discipline and keeping the party's secrets" melted into the blood and precipitated in the bone marrow. After the party gained ruling status, party rules and discipline became the most important tool in governing the party. 种类型。 After a long period of practice and exploration, our party has gradually formed a set of clear and effective intra-party rules and systems, including 7 types of party constitution, guidelines, regulations, rules, regulations, methods, and rules. Party rules and disciplines clarify the party's nature, purpose, programmatic goals, organizational guarantees, norms of conduct, and disciplinary constraints. They are the fundamental guarantee for the party to always maintain its advanced nature and purity.
To administer the party comprehensively and rigorously, the first step is to use the party charter to govern the party. The party constitution is the fundamental law of the party and the general rule that the entire party must follow. The rules and regulations of the party, governed by the party constitution, embody the nature and advanced nature of the party ’s vanguard, and are the fundamental guarantee for maintaining the party ’s concentration and unity, maintaining the party ’s cohesion and combat effectiveness. To be a qualified party member, the most basic and fundamental requirements are to establish a sense of party constitution, learn to implement the party constitution, and consciously use the party constitution to regulate your own words and deeds, and figure out what you can and cannot do. Only when each party member unconditionally fulfills the obligations of the party charter, accepts the constraints of the party charter, and every party organization takes the party charter as the fundamental basis for guiding the work, can the party drive the whole society to respect the law, abide by the law, use it, and use the party's political advantage and socialism. Institutional advantages translate into the effectiveness of managing the country. The significance of studying and educating "two studies, one doing" and taking "learning the party constitution and rules" as an important content is here. However, there are still some party members and cadres who do not study the party constitution in depth, or only know what it is, why they do n’t know it, learn without thinking, learn without believing, and learn without deepening. Xi Jinping pointed out in the article "Study the Party Constitution Strictly and Abide by the Party Constitution": "The entire party must firmly establish the party constitution awareness, and truly regard the party constitution as the fundamental standard for strengthening the cultivation of party spirit, as the basis for guiding the party's work, intra-party activities, and party building To implement the provisions of the Party Constitution into action and into various undertakings. The establishment and improvement of the internal party system must be based on the Party Constitution; the performance of party organizations at all levels, party members, and cadres must be judged with the Party Constitution as the basic standard To resolve the contradictions within the party, the party charter is the fundamental rule. We must strengthen the supervision and inspection of the compliance with the party charter and the implementation of the party charter. We must promptly remind those who do not have a strong sense of the party charter and do not act in accordance with the party charter. Resolutely correct, the whole party will come together to safeguard the authority and seriousness of the party charter. "
"Hanging the balance and knowing the balance, setting rules and knowing the circle." The key to administering the party comprehensively and strictly is to tighten the party discipline and party rules. Recent examples of corruption of some leading cadres have shown that the lack of discipline, looseness, and softness, and tight power restrictions and strict supervision are important reasons. The newly revised "Regulations on Disciplinary Action of the Communist Party of China" integrates the requirements of the Party Constitution on political discipline, organizational discipline, clean discipline, mass discipline, work discipline, and life discipline. A negative list and corresponding disciplinary measures for each discipline are defined and defined. In order to understand the bottom line of discipline that all party members need to abide by, the disciplinary committee has clearly established the basis and standards for disciplinary supervision. It has strong feasibility and operability, and has established an authoritative position for party discipline. Party regulations and party discipline are stricter than national laws. Organizations at all levels of the party and the majority of party members and cadres must not only modelly abide by national laws, but also strictly require themselves to a higher standard in accordance with party regulations and party discipline. 年1月，习近平在十八届中央纪委五次全会上指出：“党的纪律是刚性约束，政治纪律更是全党在政治方向、政治立场、政治言论、政治行动方面必须遵守的刚性约束。国家法律是党员、干部必须遵守的规矩。党在长期实践中形成的优良传统和工作惯例也是重要的党内规矩。纪律是成文的规矩，一些未明文列入纪律的规矩是不成文的纪律；纪律是刚性的规矩，一些未明文列入纪律的规矩是自我约束的纪律。我们党在长期实践中形成的优良传统和工作惯例，经过实践检验，约定俗成、行之有效，需要全党长期坚持并自觉遵循。” 2016年1月12日，习近平在第十八届中央纪律检查委员会第六次全体会议上指出：“各级党委要在思想认识、方法措施上跟上全面从严治党战略部署，把纪律挺在前面，发现问题就要提提领子、扯扯袖子，使红红脸、出出汗成为 In January 2015, Xi Jinping pointed out at the Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Commission for Discipline Inspection: "Party discipline is a rigid constraint, and political discipline is a rigid constraint that the entire party must observe in terms of political direction, political stance, political speech, and political action. .National laws are rules that party members and cadres must abide by. The fine traditions and working practices formed by the party in long-term practice are also important rules within the party. Disciplines are written rules, and some rules that are not explicitly included in the discipline are unwritten rules. ; Discipline is a rigid rule, and some rules that are not explicitly included in the discipline are self-disciplined. The fine traditions and working practices formed by our party in long-term practice have been tested in practice and agreed to become effective and effective. And consciously follow. "On January 12 , 2016, Xi Jinping pointed out at the sixth plenary session of the 18th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection:" Party committees at all levels must keep up with the comprehensive and strict party strategy in terms of ideological understanding, methods and measures. Deploy, put the discipline in front, and when you find a problem, you need to raise the collar and pull the sleeves, making the red face and sweating become The normal state. If the problem is serious, we must beat our hands and sound the alarm. The organization handles the organization and the disciplinary action. "
Rule by virtue
There is no virtue in the country, and no virtue in the country. "Get the word to hold the world." It is the fine tradition of the Chinese nation to serve the country with virtue, treat the country with courtesy, and serve the people with morality. Governing the party and governing the party must also exert moral power.
Governing the party with ethics and encouraging and leading people with morality are important measures for our party to strengthen its own construction. The "ethics" of ruling the party with morality mainly refers to the party's ideals, convictions, and fine traditions. Its core is in the same vein as the traditional virtues of the Chinese nation. 年5月，习近平在河南考察时指出：“面对纷繁复杂的社会现实，党员干部特别是领导干部务必把加强道德修养作为十分重要的人生必修课，以严格标准加强自律、接受他律，努力以道德的力量去赢得人心、赢得事业成就。各级党组织要加强对党员干部的教育、管理、监督，用好选人用人考德这根杠杆，引导党员干部堂堂正正做人、老老实实干事、清清白白为官。” In May 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out during his inspection in Henan: "Facing the complicated social realities, party members and cadres, especially leading cadres, must take strengthening moral cultivation as a very important compulsory life course, strengthen self-discipline and accept other disciplines with strict standards. Strive to use moral force to win people's hearts and career achievements. Party organizations at all levels should strengthen the education, management, and supervision of party members and cadres, use the lever of selecting and employing people to test their morality, and guide party members to be honest and honest officers. , Innocence is the official. "
To govern the party with virtue, we must strengthen the ideals and beliefs of party members and cadres. Ideals and beliefs are the spiritual banner of a political party. The reason why the Communist Party of China is advanced and combative is firstly because it has lofty ideals and convictions and is armed with scientific theories. Firming Communist ideals and convictions, and upholding the Communists' spiritual pursuits, are always the fundamentals for Communists to settle down. 多年的历史中，无数共产党人无私奉献，甚至不惜流血牺牲，为的就是这个理想，靠的就是这种信仰。 In the history of our party for more than 90 years, countless Communists have dedicated themselves unselfishly, even at the cost of blood and sacrifice. This is the ideal and it is this belief. Xi Jinping pointed out: "To strictly control the party, we must first strengthen the ideals and beliefs of party members and cadres." He emphasized: "Strengthening the ideals and convictions and upholding the spiritual pursuit of the Communists is always the foundation of the Communists' standing. The belief in Marxism, The belief in socialism and communism is the political soul of the Communists, and the spiritual pillar that the Communists can withstand any test. The ideal and belief are figuratively the Communists ’" calcium "in spirit. If you are firm, you will be 'calcium-deficient' in spirit and you will get 'chondropathy'. In real life, some party members and cadres have problems such as this, in the final analysis, they are confused and spiritually lost. The entire party must follow the party's eighteenth Large-scale deployment, in-depth study and practice of the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, especially the scientific concept of development, stresses party spirit, character, and model, and is determined to work for the realization of the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics. "King Kong is not bad", can party members and cadres be "moral, not deceived," and flag in front of right and wrong Ming, fearless in the face of the test of the storm, at the crucial moment reliable, trustworthy, can rest assured.
To govern the party with morality, we must strengthen the concept of purpose. Serving the people wholeheartedly is the fundamental purpose of the party. The party constitution states: "Insist on serving the people wholeheartedly. The party has no special interests of its own except for the interests of the working class and the broadest masses of the people. The party puts the interests of the masses first at all times, shares the hardships with the masses, and maintains the closest The foundation of the party lies in the people, the blood of the people, and the strength of the people. Realizing, safeguarding, and developing the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people is the starting point and end point of all our party's work. Xi Jinping pointed out: "Leading cadres at all levels must keep in mind that no one has absolute power outside the law. Anyone exercising power must serve the people, be accountable to the people, and consciously accept people's supervision." Xi Jinping emphasized: "The core issues It is the party that must always rely on the people tightly, always maintain a flesh-and-blood connection with the people, and never leave the masses. To do this, it must do its utmost to solve the problem of negative corruption and ensure that the party is always connected with the people Breath, share fate. "
Governing the party with morality must carry forward the fine traditional style. The party's style is related to the party's image, to the backing of people, and to the life and death of the party. The theory and style established by the party in the practice of serving the people must be inherited and carried forward in connection with practice, close ties with the masses, criticism and self-criticism. Governing the party with morality must unify the promotion of the party's fine style and the promotion of Chinese traditional culture, because the two are originally unified. Xi Jinping pointed out: "Insist on persistence, persistence, and work style building to the end. We must use iron discipline to rectify top-line violations on various fronts, and handle as many as possible. We must return to the original and consolidate our style and strengthen party spirit. At the same time of self-cultivation, promote the excellent traditional Chinese culture. Leading cadres should put family building in an important position, be honest and self-cultivation, and be honest with the family. "The prosperity of a country and a nation is always supported by cultural prosperity. Chinese traditional culture is the "root" and "soul" of our nation, and the source of wisdom for ruling the party strictly. 年4月19日，中央政治局第五次集体学习时，习近平指出：“我国古代反腐倡廉的许多思想和实践，体现了我国古代思想家、政治家对廉政问题的缜密思考，体现了我国古代政治文明的卓越智慧。研究我国反腐倡廉历史，了解我国古代廉政文化，考察我国历史上反腐倡廉的成败得失，可以给人以深刻启迪，有利于我们运用历史智慧推进反腐倡廉建设。” On April 19 , 2013 , during the fifth collective study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, Xi Jinping pointed out: "Many of the thoughts and practices of anti-corruption and anti-corruption in ancient China reflect the meticulous thinking of ancient Chinese thinkers and politicians on the issue of clean government, The outstanding wisdom of ancient political civilization. Studying the history of anti-corruption and advocating integrity in our country, understanding the culture of anti-corruption and advocating integrity in our country, and examining the successes and failures of anti-corruption and advocating integrity in our history can give us profound inspirations and help us to use historical wisdom to promote the construction of anti-corruption and advocacy. "
3. Rule the Party by Rule and Rule the Party by Morality
"Very good is not enough for politics, and law cannot be taken by itself." Adhering to the unity of governing the party according to regulations and governing the party by virtue is an important concept and measure of governing the party, governing the party, and building the party. The two complement each other and work together to unify the entire process of administering the party strictly. Morality is a necessary prerequisite and basis for discipline. Discipline is used to correct errors and is a strong backing and guarantee for morality. Strictly governing the party must have both moral appeal and disciplinary binding force in order to achieve the effect of both internal and external repairs and root causes. At the beginning of reform and opening up, Comrade Deng Xiaoping clearly stated that "there are ideals and disciplines, and we must keep these two things in mind at all times." Xi Jinping pointed out: "The law is a written morality, morality is the inner law, and both law and morality have The role of regulating social behavior and maintaining social order. "Laws and regulations are revealed morals, and morals are hidden regulations.
There is no ethics and rules are not rules. For unethical people, no matter how many regulations it is, it will be difficult to achieve the expected results, and at the same time, it will cause huge costs for law enforcement. Party rules and discipline are more complete, and the system is more complete. In the end, they still have to fall on people and rely on people to implement them. Faced with the temptation of interest, people with high moral abilities can remain indifferent, while those with low morality are easily caught. The rule of law, the rule of virtue, and the order of virtue can only make a difference.
Without rules, morality is difficult. The establishment of a moral code does not entirely depend on the consciousness of human nature of "knowing what is known but not known to others", and it also needs the guidance and maintenance of laws and regulations. Historical experience and lessons tell us that human nature can be good, but we must not rely too much on human consciousness. Institutions are always more trustworthy than human nature itself. In the end, comprehensive and strict administration of the party still needs to be based on systems and regulations and guaranteed by discipline. By strengthening other disciplines and guiding self-discipline, party members and cadres should be in awe and have a bottom line, so that "ethics" can also stand up.
Moral regulations are required to be able to respect morality and abide by regulations, and to promote moral integrity. Other disciplines and self-discipline complement each other. Xi Jinping pointed out: "To administer the party strictly and comprehensively, we must not only focus on standardizing punishment and strict disciplinary bottom lines, but also guide people toward goodness and play a leading role in ideals, beliefs, and moral sentiments.