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月31日，中国共产党第十九届中央委员会第四次全体会议公报发布。 On October 31 , the Communiqué of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was issued. 多字的公报中，很多提法引人注目。 "Effectiveness of national governance" "Establish a system that does not forget the original intention and keep in mind the mission" "Establish a long-term mechanism to resolve relative poverty" ... In the 5000 -word communique, many references are striking.
Practice and exploration come first, and summary and refinement come later. 年来，特别是党的十八大以来，党领导人民不断完善中国特色社会主义制度，推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化，实现政治稳定、经济发展、文化繁荣、民族团结、人民幸福、社会安宁、国家统一的生动实践。 Behind each of the formulations is the 70 years since the founding of New China, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Party, the party has led the people to continuously improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, and achieve political stability, economic development, Lively practice of cultural prosperity, national unity, people's happiness, social tranquility, and national unity.
National governance effectiveness
—— "Efforts to strengthen the foundation, strengthen the advantages, make up for shortcomings, strengths and weaknesses, build a complete system, scientific and standardized, and effective operation system, strengthen system governance, governance according to law, comprehensive governance, source governance, and make China's institutional advantages better Translate into national governance effectiveness "
"The state has its own skills, and it is justified." Since the 18th National Congress of the Party, the party's central leadership has led the people throughout the country to transform the advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics into the effectiveness of national governance. 次中央深改组会议、 10次中央深改委会议，审议通过400多个重要改革文件。 General Secretary Xi Jinping personally presided over 40 central deep-reorganization meetings and 10 central deep-reform committee meetings, and reviewed and approved over 400 important reform documents.
The reform of the national supervision system has continued to deepen, the internal supervision system and the entire national supervision system have become more stringent, and the anti-corruption struggle has won an overwhelming victory; the deposit and loan interest rate control has been basically liberalized, the deposit insurance system has been implemented, and the financial supervision coordination mechanism has been initially established. The ability of financial services to serve the real economy has been effectively improved; the household registration reform has moved the whole body, and the floating population has gradually begun to enjoy public services such as education and social security. The reforms in all areas have been steadily moving forward, and many areas have achieved historic changes. Systematic remodeling and overall restructuring, the vitality of development and innovation of the whole society has been further enhanced.
Establish a system that does not forget the original intention and keeps the mission in mind
—— "We must establish a system that does not forget the original intention and keep in mind the mission, improve various systems that firmly maintain the authority of the Party Central Committee and centralized and unified leadership, improve the party's comprehensive leadership system, improve the systems governing and relying on the people, and improve The party's governing ability and leadership level system is to improve and strictly govern the party system. "
It is the original intention and mission of the Chinese Communists to seek happiness for the Chinese people and for the revival of the Chinese nation. 年7月，习近平总书记在庆祝中国共产党成立95周年大会上向全党郑重发出“不忘初心、继续前进”的伟大号召。 In July 2016, General Secretary Xi Jinping solemnly issued a great call to the whole party "Don't forget the original intention and keep going" at the celebration of the 95th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. At the party's 19th National Congress, "do not forget the original intention, keep in mind the mission" was written into the theme of the conference. 年6月起，“不忘初心、牢记使命”主题教育在全党自上而下开展。 Since June 2019 , the theme education of “Don't Forget Your Original Mind and Remember Your Mission” has been carried out from top to bottom.
Adhering to the original intention and mission of the party is the basis and prerequisite for consolidating the party's leadership position. Establishing a system that does not forget the original intention and remember the mission is to promote the entire party to abide by the party's nature, purpose, convictions, and goals, so that our party can always be advanced Sexual purity is always supported by the people.
Improve the people's cultural rights protection system
—— "Improve the people's cultural rights and interests protection system, improve the working mechanism of public opinion guidance that adheres to the correct orientation, and establish and improve the cultural creation and production mechanism that puts social benefits first, and integrate social and economic benefits."
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "Let the people live a good life is the starting point and end point of all our work." "Ensure that the economic, cultural, social and other rights of citizens are implemented, and strive to safeguard the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people and protect the people. The people's longing for and pursuit of a better life. "
To protect the cultural rights and interests of the people, modern public cultural services are an important part. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core will speed up the construction of a modern public cultural service system into the overall situation of comprehensively deepening reforms. 年年初，中办、国办印发《关于加快构建现代公共文化服务体系的意见》，对构建现代公共文化服务体系作出全面部署。 At the beginning of 2015 , the China Office and the State Office issued the "Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of a Modern Public Cultural Service System" and made a comprehensive plan for the construction of a modern public cultural service system. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has made promoting the prosperity of socialist culture an important task.
Constructing an Education System Serving Lifelong Learning for All
—— "We must improve the promotion mechanism that is conducive to more adequate and higher-quality employment, build an education system that serves lifelong learning for all, improve the social security system that covers the entire population, and strengthen the institutional guarantee for improving people's health."
年2月，中共中央、国务院印发《中国教育现代化2035 》，明确将构建服务全民的终身学习体系作为主要发展目标之一，并提出建立健全国家学分银行制度和学习成果认证制度、强化职业学校和高等学校的继续教育与社会培训服务功能、扩大社区教育资源供给等举措，进一步推动全民终身学习。 The Third Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China proposed that "the credit conversion between ordinary colleges, vocational colleges, and adult colleges be piloted to broaden lifelong learning channels." In February 2019 , the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued "China Education Modernization 2035. " Clearly consider building a lifelong learning system serving the entire people as one of the main development goals, and propose to establish and improve the national credit bank system and learning achievement certification system, strengthen the continuing education and social training service functions of vocational schools and colleges, and expand the supply of community education resources And other measures to further promote lifelong learning for all.
Establish a long-term mechanism to address relative poverty
—— "Resolutely win the battle against poverty and establish a long-term mechanism to resolve relative poverty"
年以后，在消除了绝对贫困之后，还要继续做好减少相对贫困的工作。 At a press conference of the First Session of the Thirteenth National People's Congress, the relevant person in charge of the Leading Group for Poverty Reduction and Development of the State Council stated that not only must the task of winning the tough fight against poverty be eliminated, but after 2020 , after eliminating absolute poverty, we must continue to do a good job Work to reduce relative poverty. Because relative poverty persists. It is necessary to win a tough fight against poverty, explore experiences for reducing relative poverty in the future, and establish a better system of mechanisms.
Addressing relative poverty has been practiced everywhere. 年年底，江苏省人均年收入4000元以下低收入人口已实现全部脱贫，宣布消除绝对贫困，该省到2020年的脱贫攻坚目标是使家庭人均年收入6000元以下的相对贫困人口实现脱贫。 By the end of 2015 , all low-income people with an average annual income per capita of less than 4,000 yuan in Jiangsu Province had achieved poverty alleviation, and absolute poverty was declared to be eliminated. The province ’s key goal of poverty alleviation by 2020 is to achieve poverty alleviation for relatively poor people with an average annual income of less than 6000 yuan .
Social governance community
—— "Build a community of social governance for everyone, everyone is responsible, and everyone enjoys, to ensure that the people live and work in peace and order, and build a safe and orderly China"
年1月，习近平总书记出席中央政法工作会议时指出，要完善基层群众自治机制，调动城乡群众、企事业单位、社会组织自主自治的积极性，打造人人有责、人人尽责的社会治理共同体。 In January 2019 , when General Secretary Xi Jinping attended the Central Political and Legal Work Conference, he pointed out that it is necessary to improve the grass-roots mass autonomy mechanism, mobilize the initiative of urban and rural people, enterprises, institutions, and social organizations to voluntarily and autonomously create social governance that everyone has responsibility for and responsibility for. community.
In Hangzhou, from setting up township (street) social service management centers to carrying out pilot reforms of grass-roots approval service law enforcement forces, the foundation of a continuously strengthened social governance system provides a model for the city to build a benchmark city for social governance in the city. Qinghe Street, Haidian District, Beijing piloted the Zhixueyuan Community to build a "Zhihui Five" community governance community, and participated in governance through the "five-step work method" of raising issues, conducting consultations, forming opinions, organizing implementation, and feedback effects.
Improve and Effective Mechanism for Correctly Handling Contradictions among the People in the New Situation
—— "To improve the effective mechanism for correctly handling contradictions among the people in the new situation, to improve the social security prevention and control system, to improve the public security system and mechanisms, to build a new pattern of grassroots social governance, and to improve the national security system"
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that mass work is our party's fine tradition and political advantage. The essence of mass work is to close the party-mass relationship, and the core is to correctly handle contradictions among the people. 年4月，中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅印发《关于加强社会治安防控体系建设的意见》，推动形成党委领导、政府主导、综治协调、各部门齐抓共管、社会力量积极参与的社会治安防控体系建设工作格局，健全社会治安防控运行机制，编织社会治安防控网，提升社会治安防控体系建设法治化、社会化、信息化水平，增强社会治安整体防控能力。 In April 2015, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on Strengthening the Construction of Social Security Prevention and Control System" to promote the formation of party committee leadership, government leadership, comprehensive governance coordination, co-management of all departments, and active participation of social forces. The working pattern of the construction of social security prevention and control system, the improvement of the social security prevention and control operation mechanism, the weaving of social security prevention and control network, the improvement of the level of legalization, socialization and informationization of social security prevention and control system construction, and the enhancement of the overall prevention and control of social security.
年8月，全国共建成警务站1.4万个，建有社区警务室11.7万个。 As of August 2019 , a total of 14,000 police stations and 117,000 community police offices have been established nationwide. 年下降的基础上， 2019年上半年同比又下降6.7% ，八类严重暴力犯罪案件数同比下降11.1% 。 On the basis of the decline in the total number of criminal cases across the country for the third consecutive year, the number of criminal cases in the first half of 2019 fell by 6.7% year-on-year, and the number of eight types of serious violent crime cases decreased by 11.1% year-on-year. 年基本建成，将有力维护政治安全、社会安定、人民安宁，促进经济社会持续健康发展。 The national three-dimensional, information-based society's public security prevention and control system will be basically completed in 2020 , which will effectively maintain political security, social stability, and people's tranquility, and promote sustainable and healthy economic and social development.
Comprehensively establish efficient resource utilization system
—— “To implement the most stringent ecological environmental protection system, comprehensively establish a system for efficient use of resources, improve the ecological protection and restoration system, and strictly clarify the responsibility system for ecological environmental protection”
年5月，习近平总书记在十八届中央政治局第四十一次集体学习时强调，生态环境问题，归根到底是资源过度开发、粗放利用、奢侈消费造成的。 In May 2017, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during the forty-first collective study of the 18th Political Bureau of the Central Committee that the ecological environment problem was, in the final analysis, caused by excessive resource development, extensive use, and luxury consumption. The development and utilization of resources should not only support contemporary people to live a happy life, but also leave a foundation for survival for future generations. To solve this problem, we must work hard to change the way of resource utilization and improve the efficiency of resource utilization.
The proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on formulating the thirteenth five-year plan for national economic and social development adopted by the Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China has made a strategic deployment of comprehensive resource conservation and efficient use of resources, which has provided China with resources management follow. From the "Ten Atmospheres", the three-year action plan to win the blue sky defense war, the water pollution control action plan, the soil pollution control action plan, and the resolute fight against pollution control, China's ecological governance system has achieved extensive to strict Historical changes, the institutionalization, standardization, and rule of law construction of ecological protection supervision have been continuously strengthened. (The website of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission of Guo Xing and Wang Xiaoning)